Errata & Enhancements to PrMet-version 1.02b

Stull: "Practical Meteorology: An Algebra-based Survey of Atmospheric Science",
version 1.02b published 2017.
As you discover errors or have suggestions for improvement to the book version listed above, please email the details to me:  rstull [at} eoas (Dot] ubc {doT) ca .  Be sure to locate them with chapter, page, column (right or left), paragraph, and line number, so that other readers and I can find it.  Thanks. 
Note: I have not checked these suggestions/corrections yet to see if they are correct or relevant - - some might not be incorporated into the next version of the book.

(captured through 3 July 2018)

Chapter Titles


0. Front and Back Covers, Title Page, Contents Pages, Preface

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Contents, page III. left column only, add an additional space before and after the bullet for Chapter 2.

Back cover, near UBC logo at bottom of page: change "eos" to "eoas" in the URL.  The resulting URL should be:  https://www.eoas.ubc.ca/books/Practical_Meteorology/ 
(However, the old URL still works, and points to the new URL.)

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1. Atmospheric Basics

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p4, right col, section 1.3.2, first parag.  change “black circle”  to “black dot”, and change “white circle” to “white dot with red outline”.

p12, Table 1-5.  Caption: state that it is the “US standard atmosphere".

p13, left col, section on Layers.  For the Tropopause, Stratopause, etc, in the sentence before that table, the sentence should mention 4 spheres, not 3.

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2. Solar & Infrared Radiation

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p44, left column, Fig. 2.13.  Change the color of the F* curve to be yellow with black outlines, to match the color of the F* curve in Fig. 3.10.

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3. Thermodynamics

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p68 , left column, Fig. 3.7 (a) and (c).  The bottom axis should be potential temperature for both graphs.   [thanks to Marcelo Romero de Moraes at the Federal Univ. of Pampa, Brazil]

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4. Water Vapor

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p94-95, section 4.2.1.  Add more info about the wet-bulb temperature:  "Equations similar to (4.17) can be written as  e = es(Tw) - A*P*(T-Tw)     eq. (4.17b), where P = total atmospheric pressures, es(Tw) is the saturation vapor pressure at the wet-bulb temperature, and A = 6.46x10^-4 degC^-1 is a psychrometric coefficient.  From the above eq., the relative humidity is RH = e/es(T) .   [J.R. Simes-Moreira, 1999, Meas. Sci. Technol., 10, 302-311.]

p95, left column, eq. (4.19).  Replace with a polynomial eq.  (tbd)

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5. Atmospheric Stability

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p137, left column, paragraph 1, last sentence.  Change from "...two elastic bands..." to "... two springs ..." .

p144, left column, Fig. 5.20 caption, first sentence.  Change from ", but now the cyan ..."  to  ", where the cyan ..." .


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6. Clouds

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p162, Fig 6.4.  Add label inside the figure that says "Emagram".

p164, Fig 6.6.  Add label inside the figure that says "Emagram".

p183, right column, exercise S5a, line 3:  increase the space between each word.

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7. Precipitation Processes

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p206, left column, Fig. 7.21 caption.  Add an explanation of the different symbols.  (Get this info from Fig. 14.7 caption.)

p208.  eq. (7.35).  Change the exponent from "p" to "c".

p210, left column, Fig. 7.26 caption.  Change the caption to describe the colors in the figure, instead of greyshades.  Namely: "... evaporation (light green with dotted dark green outline), and precipitation (medium blue with solid dark blue outline)."  Also,  change the last sentence into two sentences:  "These data are courtesy of NASA GSFC.  An alternative estimate of precipitation distribution (thick red line) is courtesy of the Global Precipitation Climatology Project. "

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8. Satellites & Radar

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p235, right column, INFO box:  In the last paragraph, make the following words boldface key words:  Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM), optical transient detector. 

p237, right column, Fig. 8.20 caption.  Change to: "Idealized weighting functions for GOES-15 sounder channels (Ch) 1 - 4 from Fig. 8.9. "

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9. Weather Reports & Map Analysis

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p284, left column, caption of Fig. 9.21-i.   Change "show" to "shown".  

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10. Atmospheric Forces & Winds

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Whole chapter: Consider replacing many of the paragraphs in version 1.02b with the more-clearly-written paragraphs from the 2011 "Meteorology for Scientists & Engineers, 3rd Ed." book.

p290, right column, 5th paragraph: Change "shaded surface" to "green-shaded surface" .

p290, left column, Fig. 10.2 caption.  Change "thin dotted"  to  "orange dotted" .

p290, left column, Fig. 10.2c, change the dotted black line to a dotted dark orange line.

p290, left column, Fig. 10.2d, change the dashed blue line to a dashed dark-green line.

p291, left column, line 2, add "each other" after the last word "intersect". 

p294, right column, section 10.3.1, 2nd paragraph, line 2: Change "grey box" to "shaded box". 

p295, Fig. 10.5 caption:  Change "dark arrow" to "thick arrow". 

p295, Fig. 10.5.   Consider re-drawing using straight isobars.

p303, right column,  INFO box, line 4 after title:  add more space between words.  (Do this by moving some of the last words in that box to the next page.)

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11. General Circulation

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p329. top of page.  add "b" to version number.

p332, left column. Figs. 11.4.  Make the equator a white line, so it shows up better.

p338, right column, line before eq. (11.10): change "Enet" to "Ef net" .

p344, right column, section 11.5.3, paragraph 2, line 1: Change "grey arrows" to "blue arrows".

p344, right column, section 11.5.3, paragraph 3:  At the end of the first sentence, add the phrase: "(white arrow)".

p347, left column, line 4:  Change "P1" to "P1" , where 1 is a subscript.

p360, right column, paragraph 2, line 7:  Change "(11.27)"  to "(11.17)" .

p363, left column, paragraph after eq. (11.22).  Clarification that this rule works in both N. and S. hemispheres.  Namely, counterclockwise rotating air corresponds to positive (+) relative vorticity in both hemispheres. 

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12. Fronts & Airmasses

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p389. top of page.  add "b" to version number.

p407, left column, paragraph 3.  Add that the pre-frontal jet is also called an "atmospheric river" if it avects a large amount of water vapor.  (Also see Pineapple Express).

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13. Extratropical Cyclones

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p425. top of page.  add "b" to version number.

p433, left column, section 13.1.5, paragraph 2.  Add that the pre-frontal jet is also called an "atmospheric river" if it avects a large amount of water vapor.  (Also see Pineapple Express).

p433, right column Fig. 13.8.  In the warm-air (red) arrow, correct the spelling of "ascending".

p447, Fig. 13.23d.  Eliminate the extra "small w" words near the bottom of that figure.

p461, Fig. 13.39 Caption.  Remove the word "grey".  Add info:  "Dashed lines in the main figure are isotherms.  Grey arrow in the insert indicates ..."

p470, Fig. 13.52 Caption.  Remove the word "grey".

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14. Thunderstorm Fundamentals

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many pages: add color to table headers

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15. Thunderstorm Hazards

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many pages: add color to table headers

p545. top of page.  add "b" to version number.

p563, left column, Fig. 15.21.  In the figure, change "elf" to "elve". 

p568, right column, top 3 lines.  In first line, change the last comma to a period.  Also, replace the next 2 lines with:
"This forms above an intense, high-impulse CG stroke that generates a spherically expanding electromagnetic pulse (EMP).   ELVE = Emission of Light & Vlf perturbations due to Emp sourses."   (see nice article by Waler Lyons in Weatherwise (March/April 2018) p28-35.

p571, left column, first full paragraph, 5th line from bottom. Change to "... fear of lightning and thunder (astraphobia)..."

p580, left column, in empty white space.  Add a new Info box:  "Fear of tornadoes and hurricanes is called Lilapsophobia."

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16. Tropical Cyclones

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add info about ACE (accumulated cyclone energy)

p603. top of page.  add "b" to version number.

p613. first line where it says “... are often weak and slow moving by the time they reach the subtropics”.   Add the missing "y" to "they".  [thanks to Tatjana Zenker, Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada]

p621. Fig 16.28, the year for hurricane Inez should be 1966, not 1996.  .  [thanks to Marjolein Ribberink, Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada]

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17. Regional Winds

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p645. top of page.  add "b" to version number.

p651, INFO box, left column, first full parag., line 3.  Change from "(shaded grey)"  to  "(shaded pink)" .

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18. Atmospheric Boundary Layer

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p687. top of page.  add "b" to version number.

p712, right column, paragraph 3.  Change "light-grey" to "orange", and change "dark-grey" to "blue".  These refer to the air parcels in Fig. 18.25.

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19. Pollutant Dispersion

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p725, left column, last paragraph, line 2:  Change Table "18-1" to "19-1". 

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20. Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP)

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21. Natural Climate Processes

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p794. Sample Application.  Need to check to see if numbers are correct.  [thanks to Marjolein Ribberink, Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada]

p798-802.  Need to include all 20 terms from the Laskar article, instead of just the first 4 or 5 terms.  Otherwise, the equations don't give the right answer for today.   (Laskar, J., Robutel, P., Joutel, F., Gastineau, M., Correia, A.C.M., Levrard, B. : 2004, A long term numerical solution for the insolation quantities of the Earth. A&A 428, 261-285 (2004), DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20041335).
• Note: there is a nice website that calculates the orbital parameters using all the terms in Laskar et al.  See http://vo.imcce.fr/insola/earth/online/earth/online/ .  [thanks to Harald Pleym, Porsgrunn, Norway.]

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22. Atmospheric Optics

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p848, Fig 22.30. Fix grey shading in all figures to blend better.

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Appendices 

Appendix AScientific Tools .

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Appendix B: Geophysical Constants & Conversion Factors

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p879, right column.  Change the value for the total solar irradiance (solar constant) to 1361 W/m2, to agree with the IPCC values used in Chapter 2, eq (2.17).  Also change the kinematic flux to 1.11 K m/s. 

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Index

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Add:  atmospheric river, 407, 433, 472, 824.   

Add:  river, atmospheric, 407, 433, 472, 824.  

Add: astraphobia, p571.

Add: lilapsophobia, p580.

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I thank the following people who contributed to earlier versions of the Errata and enhancements:

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Dr. Dominique Bourdin (University of British Columbia [UBC] )
Mr. Pedro Odon (UBC)
Dr. Anders Persson (ECMWF / retired)
Mr. Ben Weinstein (British Columbia Ministry of Environment)
Prof. Chris Holmes (Florida State U.)
Prof. Phil Austin (UBC)
Dr. Rosie Howard (UBC)
Arif Zaman
Dr. Beth Ebert & colleagues in Australia
Dr. Maria Frediani & colleagues in Brazil
UBC students in my ATSC 201 "Meteorology of Storms" course over many years.
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https://www.eoas.ubc.ca/books/Practical_Meteorology/ 
Copyright © 2018 by Roland Stull
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