Tentative Lecture Outline (this will evolve depending on the class)
Week 
Topic 
HW Problems and Reading: DUE ON THE DAY 
1 (January 8) 
Physical
Principles: What are fluids? The continuum hypothesis and the complexity of
geological materials. Observing “physically”. Control volumes and problem solving strategies. 
TUESDAY Heuberger et al., Density Fluctuations
Under Confinement: When Is a fluid not a fluid? Science, 292, 905908, 2001. CER Ch. 1  3 (review material as
needed) THURSDAY Home experiment: CV choice.
Turbulent jets and plumes in the kitchen Read:
CER Ch. 4.14.3, 5 Read:
PF 2.12.4.2 (as needed) Probs: CER 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.10, 5.12, 5.16; 
2 
Physical
Principles: Systems, control volumes and integral forms of the conservation
laws. Practice with various geological fluid flow problems. Dimensional
analysis and scaling analysis to build physical insight; 
TUESDAY Read:
CER Ch. 4.14.3, 5 Read:
PF 2.12.4.2 (as needed) Supplemental problems: Review
1 THURSDAY Read CER Ch. 6.16.4; PF 2.4.32.4.4 Probs: PF 2.3, 2.4, 2.8 Supplemental
problem: Lava lakes, bubbles and gas loss. Home experiment: Kinetics and gas
loss from soda driven by a salt shaker. 
3 
QUIZ 1. More practice with real problems; Links
between variations in momentum flux, dynamic pressure and surface forces
including drag. Volcanic ballistics
and forces on river bends. 
TUESDAY Reread
as needed: CER Ch. 6.16.4; PF 2.4.32.4.4 Supplemental problem: Mass conservation: Sedimentation
from volcanic clouds with predictions for deposits Probs: PF 2.12, 2.14, 2.18 , 2.19 THURSDAY Supplemental problem: Home experiments on momentum fluxes and Bernoulli effects 
4 
Momentum
conservation along and across streamlines.
Euler and Bernoulli equations. More practice. How fast do turbulent
gravity currents generally go? 
TUESDAY Supplemental
problem: Drag. Ballistics calculation and analysis of field data THURSDAY 
5 
QUIZ 2. Continuum mechanics review; Div, Grad, Curl; Links between vorticity, circulation and
dynamic pressure variations 
TUESDAY Supplemental
problem: Kinematics. Home experiments on simple and pure shear and melting
ice Read and
outline supplemental notes on continuum mechanics as needed; Read:
PF 1.3 Supplemental
problems: Review
2 THURSDAY Quiz 
6,7 
Kinematics
of fluids; Lagrangian and Eulerian reference
frames; Velocity gradients; PDEs of fluid flow; Navier
Stokes Equations; Boundary Conditions MIDTERM EXAM (probably outside
of class, week 7) 
TUESDAY Read:
CER Ch. 4; PF Ch. 3 (this is long) Probs: 1.7,1.16,1.18, 3.3, 3.5 THURSDAY Supplemental
problems: Kinematics TUESDAY (After Break) R: PF Ch. 6.16.4 THURSDAY Probs: PF 3.5 ; 3.20 ; 3.22
(ignore heat transfer!) 
8 
Working
with the equations of motion; Scaling, simplifying and building understanding
of the PDEs of fluid flow by example 
TUESDAY MIDTERM THURSDAY Probs:, 
9 
Very
slow (creeping) flows; Velocity gradients and viscous stresses; Plate
tectonics; Spreading mantle plumes and very viscous lava flows and glaciers; Mantle
plume rise 
TUESDAY R: PF
Ch. 4; 6.16.4 (again or for the first time) THURSDAY PROJECT
PROPOSAL DUE 
10,11 
Scaling
theory; More about slow flows; lubrication. Plumelithosphere interactions;
thermal entrainment Boundary
layers and boundary conditions, vorticity production, advection and
diffusion. Lava lake tectonics 
TUESDAY Supplemental
problems: Home
experiment on very viscous gravity currents THURSDAY TUESDAY QUIZ 3 (week 11) Journal
Article Review Due (graduate students only) THURSDAY PF: 5.2,
9.19.2 (9.8 is neat but optional) Supplemental
problems: Home experiment on boundary layers 
11,12 
Laminar
and Turbulent gravity currents of various class. Dynamic pressure variations,
vorticity and momentum exchange, instability and mechanical entrainment; Closure:
Tying things together 
TUESDAY Supplemental
problem: Home experiment on turbulent gravity currents THURSDAY TUESDAY Supplemental
problem: Home experiment on turbulent gravity currents 
Last class (wk 12) 
Timepermitting
or by demand (if we are out of time): The instability and collapse of
molecular clouds and the origin of our solar system 

April 10 
12:30 PM: Project Talks (Food
handled by Sam) 
