Louise Longridge

Lecturer

faculty

Paleontological Research Areas

Biostratigraphy

The recovery of the ammonites during the Early Jurassic, after the near demise of the group in the end-Triassic mass extinction, represents one of the most spectacular but poorly understood adaptive radiations in the fossil record. The terranes of British Columbia contain a rich and diverse earliest Jurassic ammonoid fauna and I have been involved in extensive field and laboratory work unraveling their systematics and taxonomy. This work has the potential to improve the accuracy of the geological time scale, as some of the relevant geological sections contain ash beds that provide useful radiometric dates interbedded with fossiliferous rock. Improving knowledge of the ammonite faunas and updating the North American Zonation provides a method to correlate sections constrained by absolute dates with those in other areas of the world where this is not possible. This character was also one of the main reasons behind our proposing a specific section in Haida Gwaii as a potential section to help define the base of the Jurassic system.

Paleobiogeography

Many of the terranes that make-up western British Columbia were allochthonous to the craton in the Early Jurassic. Details of the geographic position of some of these terranes are still uncertain during this interval, particularly with respect to longitude. Fossil faunas provide one of best methods of narrowing down their locations. The ammonite faunas I am involved with suggest some longitudinal separation between the BC craton and the Cadwallader, Wrangellia and Peninsular terranes during the earliest Jurassic. There is also some evidence that the 'Hispanic Corridor', linking the eastern Pacific and the western Tethys Oceans, may have opened as early as the first stage in the Jurassic.

Extinction events

Many people suggest that we are currently embroiled in another mass extinction event of our own making. In light of this, one of the most interesting questions facing humanity today is the uncertainty around what is going to happen to Earth's biota. What will the dynamics of extinction look like and what will recovery entail? One way to examine these questions is to study what has happened during past mass extinction events. With this in mind, I am involved in examining how ammonoid morphology changed around the end-Triassic mass extinction interval. Ultimately, only one ammonite group survived the extinction and acted as the root stock for the remarkable adaptive radiation that followed. However, many questions remain. Did ammonoid morphospace shrink or change leading up to the extinction event or was it unaffected until the very latest Triassic? How quickly did ammonites recolonize potential morphospace following the extinction event? Did shell shapes that were more efficient for swimming reappear more quickly?

Paleobiology

Gleaning biological information from 200 million year old fossils can be difficult. Yet, this is what we must do in order to fully understand the complexities of evolution and the different steps that have led us to the biota we find today. With respect to this, Early Jurassic ammonites have some very interesting biological characteristics. A few of the taxa from the BC terranes have revealed some of the earliest definitive sexual dimorphism in the group. In addition, many earliest Jurassic ammonites share the unusual characteristic of having asymmetric internal components within the chambered portion of their shell. These asymmetries probably arose from stress caused by poor environmental conditions following the mass extinction at the end of the Triassic. I am involved with designing new methods of computer modeling to examine the possibility that these asymmetric elements were counterbalancing each other, allowing the animal to remain vertical when moving through the water. This work highlights how environmental stress can alter the phenotype of an animal, providing insight into the degrees of freedom present in the course of evolution.

COURSES:

  • EOSC 114 - Natural Disasters
  • EOSC 116 - Mesozoic Earth: Time of the Dinosaurs
  • EOSC 222 - Geological Time
  • EOSC 310 - The Earth and The Solar System
  • EOSC 326 - Earth and Life Through Time
  • EOSC 425 - Paleontology

CURRENT POSITION: Lecturer - University of British Columbia (2005 - present)

EDUCATION:

    • Postdoctoral Fellow - Earth and Ocean Sciences, UBC, 2007 – 2009
    • Ph.D. – Earth and Ocean Sciences (Paleontology), UBC, 2007 [Thesis Title: The Systematics and Paleobiology of Hettangian Ammonites from the Allochthonous Terranes of British Columbia]
    • B.Sc. – Zoology (Ecology), UBC, 1998

    SELECT PUBLICATIONS:

      • Longridge, L.M. and Smith, P.L. 2015. Ammonoids at the Triassic-Jurassic transition: pulling back from the edge of extinction. In Klug, C. and Korn, D. (eds). Ammonoid paleobiology: from shell morphology to evolution, 18, 475 – 496. Springer, Dordrecht. Invited Chapter.
      • Smith P.L., Longridge, L.M., Grey, M., Zhang, J. and Liang, B. 2014. From near extinction to recovery: Late Triassic to Middle Jurassic ammonoid geometry. Lethaia 47: 337 – 351.
      • Longridge, L.M., Smith, P.L., Rawlings, G.W. and Klaptocz, V.R. 2009. The impact of asymmetries in the elements of the phragmocone of Early Jurassic ammonites. Paleontologica Electronica 12, 1A, 15 pp.
      • Longridge, L.M., Pálfy, J., Smith, P.L. and Tipper, H.W. 2008. Middle and late Hettangian (Early Jurassic) ammonites from the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, Canada. Revue de Paléobiologie 27: 191-248.
      • Longridge, L.M., Smith, P.L. and Tipper, H.W. 2008. Late Hettangian (Early Jurassic) ammonites from Taseko Lakes, British Columbia, Canada. Palaeontology 51: 367-404.
      • Longridge, L.M., Smith, P.L., Pálfy, J.P., and Tipper, H.W. 2008. Three new species of the Hettangian (Early Jurassic) ammonite Sunrisites from British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Paleontology 82: 128-139.
      • Longridge, L.M., Carter, E.S., Smith, P.L., and Tipper, H.W. 2007. Early Hettangian (Early Jurassic) ammonites and radiolarians from the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia and their bearing on the definition of the Triassic-Jurassic boundary. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 244: 142-169.
      • Longridge, L.M., Carter, E.S., Haggart, J.W. and Smith, P.L. 2007. The Triassic-Jurassic transition at Kunga Island, Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, Canada. International Subcommission on Jurassic Stratigraphy Newsletter 34(1): 21-33.
      • Longridge, L.M., Smith, P.L. and Tipper, H.W. 2006. The Early Jurassic ammonite Badouxia from British Columbia, Canada. Palaeontology 49: 795-816.
      • Longridge, L.M., 2004. Sexual dimorphism in Early Jurassic ammonites from British Columbia. British Columbia Paleontological Alliance Newsletter 38: 10-12.

      AWARDS and SCHOLARSHIPS:

      • Palaeontological Association Travel Award - Beijing, China
      • University Graduate Fellowship
      • Egil H. Lorntzsen Scholarship
      • National Science and Engineering Research Council Scholarship
      • CSPG John B. Webb Award - Western Inter-University Geosciences Conference Best Graduate Talk 
      • Thomas and Marguerite MacKay Scholarship
      • Bolton Prize - Canadian Paleontology Conference Best Student Paper
      • Paleontological Research Institute Student Award - Runner-up
      • Thomas and Marguerite MacKay Scholarship