Algal Blooms in Hong Kong Waters

Physical-biological coupling controls algal blooms on Hong Kong waters, hypoxia, and transport of nutrients offshore.

ArcticNet

EOAS Project Members: 
Stephanie Waterman

ARCTICNET is a Network of Centres of Excellence of Canada that studies the impacts of climate change and modernization in the coastal Canadian Arctic.

http://www.arcticnet.ulaval.ca/

ArcTrain

EOAS Project Members: 
Roger Francois

The international program "Processes and impacts of climate change in the North Atlantic Ocean and the Canadian Arctic" (ArcTrain) is a Collaborative Research and Training Experience Program (CREATE) of the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC). It aims to train a new generation of scientists in geosciences, biology, physics and chemistry for addressing complex issues related to climate change in the Arctic and subarctic regions.

http://www.arctrain.ca

BlueSky

Real-time wild-fire smoke forecasting.

http://firesmoke.ca

Canadian Sea Ice and Snow Evolution (CanSISE) Network

EOAS Project Members: 
William Hsieh

Machine learning methods are applied to improving estimates of snow depth (snow water equivalent) in British Columbia.

http://www.cansise.ca/

CCOD: Canadian Consortium for Ocean Drilling

EOAS Project Members: 
Dominique Weis

CCOD is a consortium composed of Canadian universities and government agencies formed to facilitate Canada's participation in IODP. CCOD has the following objectives: Advocate and encourage Canadian participation in IODP and ECORD; Develop proposals and applications for IODP funding and expeditions; Represent the Canadian community on IODP and ECORD committees and panels; Disseminate IODP and ECORD information to the Canadian community and public; Organize Canadian outreach and training activities.

http://www.iodpcanada.ca/about/ccod

Dynamic Nonlinear Optimization for Imaging in Seismic Exploration (DNOISE)

EOAS Project Members: 
Felix Herrmann
Other Project Members: 
Dr. Michael Friedlander, UBC Computer ScienceDr. Ozgur Yilmaz, UBC Math

DNOISE project adapts principles of compressive sensing to promote a ground-up formulation for seismic imaging where adverse subsampling-related artifacts are removed by intelligent simultaneous-acquisition design and recovery by transform-domain sparsity promotion. This research, in conjunction with our investigations in sparse recovery and time-harmonic Helmholtz solvers, aims to bring about fundamental breakthroughs in development and implementation of the next-generation of processing, imaging, and full-waveform inversion solutions.

https://www.slim.eos.ubc.ca/dynamic-nonlinear-optimization-for-imaging-in-seismic-exploration

EOS Science Education Initiative

The Department’s science education initiative aims to promote cultural change in our approach to teaching and learning and establish sustainable processes to continue and improve the work accomplished during the Carl Weiman Science Education Initiative (CWSEI) project.

http://www.cwsei.ubc.ca/departments/earth-ocean.htmhttps://www.eoas.ubc.ca/research/cwsei/

FONDECYT: Present and future projections of glacier extent and water yield at Maipo basin in central Chile

EOAS Project Members: 
Garry Clarke

The UBC regional glaciation model will be used to project the future of Chilean glaciers in a warming world. The project has been funded for three years by the Chilean Science Agency.

FuturAgua (Belmont Forum Freshwater Security Initiative)

EOAS Project Members: 
Douw SteynMark Johnson

Enhancing Adaptation and Resilience to Drought in Dry Tropical Social-Ecological Systems: The Guanacaste, Costa Rica Example.

http://futuragua.ca/

GEOTRACES

GEOTRACES is an international programme which aims to improve the understanding of biogeochemical cycles and large-scale distribution of trace elements and their isotopes in the marine environment. Scientists from approximately 35 nations have been involved in the programme, which is designed to study all major ocean basins over the next decade.

http://www.geotraces.org/

GlacierMIP: Glacier Model Intercomparison Project

EOAS Project Members: 
Valentina Radic

The overall goal is to provide – for the first time – a framework for a coordinated intercomparison of global-scale glacier mass change models to foster model improvements and reduce uncertainties in global glacier projections.

http://www.climate-cryosphere.org/activities/targeted/glaciermip

International Inversion Initiative (III)

EOAS Project Members: 
Felix Herrmann
Other Project Members: 
Prof. Mike Warner, Imperial College LondonFaculty of Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN)

Funded through Brazil’s ANP - Agência Nacional do Petróleo, Gás Natural e Biocombustíveis - this project includes a 17k core compute cluster to which the partners of III have exclusive access, and is aimed at driving innovations in the computational aspects of seismic acquisition design and wave-equation based inversion. This new team will collaborate to move these techniques to a new level while simultaneously building Brazilian research and practitioner expertise in this and allied fields.

https://www.slim.eos.ubc.ca/international-inversion-initiative

Marine Environment Observation Prediction and Response (MEOPAR)

EOAS Project Members: 
Susan AllenRich Pawlowicz

Established in 2012 through Canada's federal Networks of Centres of Excellence Program, the Marine Environmental Observation Prediction and Response (MEOPAR) Network is a national network of academic researchers and students, government scientists, and partners in the private, NGO and community sectors working together to reduce vulnerability and strengthen opportunity in Canada's marine environment. Our primary activities include:

  • Supporting interdisciplinary research and development at Canadian universities
  • Providing training and work experience to bolster Canadian workforce capacity
  • Mobilizing scientific knowledge, technology and people through cross-sector engagement
http://meopar.ca

Modeling glacier mass changes on regional and global scales

EOAS Project Members: 
Valentina Radic

The objective of this NSERC DISCOVERY and CFI funded project is to develop and validate a physically based model of surface mass balance on a regional scale, aiming to answer the following questions:

  • Can physically based models successfully simulate surface mass changes for the full suite of glaciers?
  • Can mesoscale weather models be used to adequately downscale climate fields that drive regional glacier mass changes?
  • How successful is the performance of global climate models in simulating large-scale climate features relevant for glacier mass changes?
  • How can we simulate glacier dynamics for a full suite of glaciers in a region of complex topography?

National Facility for Seismic Imaging

EOAS Project Members: 
Michael Bostock

Canadian Seismological Community CFI Initiative for Ocean Bottom Seismic Studies of Plate Boundaries

NSERC CREATE Diamond Exploration Research and Training School

EOAS Project Members: 
Maya KopylovaKelly Russell

The school will train geoscientists who can become the next leaders in the diamond exploration. The students will be trained in collaboration with 10 industrial partners to apply the latest research methods to finding new diamond deposits in Canada's Arctic regions.

https://uofa.ualberta.ca/science/programs/graduate/diamond-exploration

NSERC CREATE IsoSiM (Isotopes for Science and Medicine

EOAS Project Members: 
Maria Maldonado

The Isotopes for Science and Medicine (IsoSiM) NSERC CREATE program was established by TRIUMF and UBC in response to the growing importance of applications of nuclear isotopes in a broad range of fields, from environmental science, preclinical medical research, and characterization of new materials, to investigations of the foundations of the universe.

Joining IsoSiM gives you access to the world’s largest cyclotron at TRIUMF, mentorship from supervisors who have over 1000 peer-reviewed papers, and elite international exchanges with industry partners in Germany. Apart from stipends, IsoSiM provides students with enriched training experiences in the production, preparation, and application of nuclear isotopes for science and medicine that is enhanced by individualized professional skills development plans and internships.

http://isosim.ubc.ca/program-overview

NSERC CREATE TERRE – Training toward Environmentally Responsible Resource Extraction

EOAS Project Members: 
Ulrich MayerLeslie Smith

The TERRE CREATE program is designed to prepare exceptional science and engineering undergraduate and graduate students and post-doctoral researchers for impactful careers in the resource extraction sector. Through the adoption of a "Life of Mine" approach, this innovative training program will produce highly-qualified personnel capable of addressing critical long-term issues related to mine waste management

https://terre-create.ca/

NSERC CREATE TerreWEB

EOAS Project Members: 
Mark Johnson

TerreWEB is an enriched, interdisciplinary and collaborative graduate training program focused on global change impacts on terrestrial ecosystems, mitigation and adaptation strategies, and the role of scientific communication to affect appropriate changes in human behaviour for adapting to global change.

http://terreweb.ubc.ca/

NSERC CREATE: MAGNET: Multidisciplinary Applied Geochemistry Network

Principal Investigators: 
Principal Investigator Type: 
PI is within EOAS

MAGNET, the Multidisciplinary Applied Geochemistry Network, is an NSERC-funded industrial stream Collaborative Research and Training Experience (CREATE) program devoted to geochemistry. MAGNET connects trainees with leading scientists and state-of-the-art analytical laboratories across Canada to address challenges in analytical, environmental and exploration geochemistry. MAGNET’s cohesive learning environment, combined with industry internships, professional skills training and networking opportunities, offers trainees a significant competitive advantage. The comprehensive and integrated nature of this training program represents a novel and much needed approach to geochemistry education in Canada.

http://www.magnet.eos.ubc.ca/

Quantifying climate-dependent and anthropogenic impacts on ecosystem services in the Subarctic Pacific Ocean: State-of-the-art observational tools to inform policy and management

The project aims to establish a new generation of observational and modeling tools to quantify fisheries production and CO2 uptake capacity in the Subarctic Pacific Ocean. The main objective if this project is to understand the potential impacts of climate change and human induced disturbances on ecosystem dynamics, CO2 uptake capacity and fish biomass. The work represents a strategic partnership between university based scientists and Fisheries and Oceans Canada. The scientific results of this project will significantly increase the accuracy of fisheries stock assessments, leading to enhanced ecosystem-based management and enforcement of currently existing regulatory mechanisms concerning ocean fertilization activities.

Rio Tinto Centre for Underground Mine Construction

EOAS Project Members: 
Erik Eberhardt

The Rio Tinto Centre for Underground Mine Construction (RTC-UMC) is a multi-million dollar, state-of-the-art research and knowledge centre, tasked to play a leading role in the development and implementation of innovative step-change research and technology development for deep underground mines, designed to minimize delays and create value through speed and geo-risk mitigation. UBC-led research includes the development of a next-generation numerical design tool (3-D distinct-element bonded block model) to explicitly model stress-induced brittle failure and rock/support interactions for improved design of highly stressed mine pillars.

https://www.miningexcellence.ca/?page_id=1853

Seismic Imaging by Next-Generation Basis Functions Decomposition (SINBAD)

EOAS Project Members: 
Felix Herrmann

SINBAD is an industry-supported research consortium that is pushing the envelope on seismic data acquisition, processing, and wave-equation based imaging and inversion by adapting recent developments from compressive sensing and machine learning. By incorporating ideas from these research areas into seismic workflows, we offer innovative sampling & inversion strategies where costs are no longer dominated by overly pessimistic sampling criteria and where the inversion results are less sensitive to initial models and parameter settings. By removing our insistence to collect and process all data, we are also in a better position for quality control and uncertainty analysis.

https://www.slim.eos.ubc.ca/content/sinbadseismic-imaging-next-generation-basis-functions-decomposition

SinoProbe – Deep Exploration in China

EOAS Project Members: 
Ronald Clowes

SinoProbe is a government-funded, multidisciplinary earth science research program that aims at revealing the structure, composition and evolution of the Chinese lithosphere.

http://sinoprobe.cags.ac.cn/

The End of an Arc: The Remarkable Life and Death of a Volcanic Arc

The "End of an Arc: The Remarkable Life and Death of a Volcanic Arc" is a partnership that started in 2014 with the goal of investigating the Canadian segment of the Northern Cascade Arc, also known as the Garibaldi Volcanic Belt. Specifically, we aim to characterise the evolution of a continental volcanic arc in space and time and develop an understanding of this evolution in terms of links among key mantle, magmatic, tectonic and surface processes.

http://eoa.volcanoes.ca/

The missing link in marine ecosystem assessment: how zooplankton rates constrain fisheries and phytoplankton biomass

EOAS Project Members: 
Evgeny Pakhomov

The size frequency distribution of zooplankton (size spectrum) is an innovative method for estimating their growth, predation and production as food for fish. A novel synthesis of zooplankton size distributions from tropical to polar environments intend to reveal these vital rates of pelagic ecosystems. The project will develop innovative numerical methods to understand the dynamics, carbon export, and trophic structure of zooplankton. The zooplankton rates combined with phytoplankton estimates from satellites aimed to uncover the link between phytoplankton and fisheries, and will allow to assess the active carbon transport, significantly improve ecosystem models and global assessments of environmental change.

Venturing into the “Twilight Zone”: where does all the carbon go?

EOAS Project Members: 
Evgeny Pakhomov

The study of the mesopelagic realms of the world ocean, and the North Pacific in particular, aims to concentrate at obtaining a novel knowledge on the structure and functioning of mesopelagic food-webs. In particular, this project intends to quantify the importance of the active carbon transport into mesopelagic zone mediated by macroplankton and micronekton. The research will be essential in predicting how the role of the mesopelagic zone will change in response to future increases in carbon dioxide levels and associated climatic and oceanographic variability.

WHaLE

EOAS Project Members: 
Stephanie Waterman

WHaLE uses glider-mounted high frequency echo sounders (to map whale food) and passive acoustic monitoring (to monitor whale sounds) to find and define whale habitat.

http://meopar.ca/research/project/whale-whales-habitat-and-listening-experiment

Xingu (Belmont Forum Freshwater Security Initiative)

EOAS Project Members: 
Mark Johnson

Integrating land use planning and water governance in Amazonia: towards improved freshwater security in the agricultural frontier of Mato Grosso.

https://belmontforum.org/funded-projects/integrating-land-use-planning-and-water-governance-amazonia-towards-improved